The PWD from A to Z
[A] [B] [C] [D] [E] [F] [G] [H] [I] [J] [K] [L] [M] [N] [O] [P] [Q] [R] [S] [T] [U] [V] [W] [X] [Y] [Z]

A

AKC
  American Kennel Club

Acetabulum
  Hip-socket; cup-like depression at the junction of the ilium, ischium and pubis in the pelvic girdle, which recieves the head of the femur to form the hip-joint.

Allele
  Each of those genes that influence the same characteristics, but in different ways

Almond eye
  An eye set in sorrounding tissue of almond shape

Alpha dog
  Natural pack leader; a dog with strong characteristics.

Amble
  1) Relaxed gait in which the legs on either side move in unison, i.e., front left and rear left move forward together.
  2) A slower version of "pacing" - often the transitional movement between walking and trotting.

B

BENSAÚDE, Vasco
  Founded the Algarbiorum blood line. The most important figure in the history of PWD selective breeding. His careful and highly selective breeding gave way to some of the finest PWDs. He was also the owner of Leão, the visual standard of this breed.

Brisket
  Line formed by the sternum; the lower line of chest between forelegs.

Buttoks
  Fleshy part of the rump or hips.

C

CKC
  Canadian Kennel Club

Canine teeth
  The two upper and lower "fangs" found at each side of the incisors.

Castrate
  Emasculate; surgically remove testicles.

Coarse
  1) (of dog) lacking quality and refinement.
  2) (of coat) harsh in texture.

D

Dominant
  1) Demonstrate superiority behaviourally; behaviour in keeping with that of an alpha dog
  2) (of genes) Allele that has the capacity mask the effect the of another

E

Eclampsia
  Milk fever, a condition occurring especially in nursing bitches and caused by inadequate intake or take-up of calcium.

Ectropion
  Condition in which the eyelids are turned outward

Entropion
  Condition in which eyelids are turned inward

Eye
  1) Organ
  2) Intense gaze of a herding dog on the animals under its charge; concentration of a herding dog.

Eyelid
  Extensor lid.

Extensor lid
  One of three, in case of dogs, movable flaps of skin (eyelids) which protect the eye.

F

Fédération Cynologique Internationale - FCI
  Founded in 1911 as a coordinating body between national governing bodies within the dog world

G

Gangliosidosis GM1
  Inherited deficiency of the lipid storage system resulting in stunted growth and muscular dysfunction (Mode of inheritance, recessive)

Gangliosidosis GM2
  Inherited condition causing muscular dysfunction, fits, poor sight and death. (Mode of inheritance, recessive)

Gene
  Constituent information carrying parts of the cromossomes, upon which inherited characteristics are based.

H

Hindquarters
  Part which lies beyond the loin.

Hip Dysplasia - HD
  Inherited condition in which there is abnormally shallow acetabulum and small or misshapen femoral head (Mode of inheritance, polygenic) [JACKSON, Frank, 1995]

I

Incisors
  The upper and lower front teeth between the canines.

J

Jowls
  The flesh of the lips and jaws.

K

KC
  British Kennel Club

L

Leão
  The visual standard of this breed. Acquired by Vasco Bensaúde from a fisherman in Lagos, he is considered to be the "perfect" Portuguese Water Dog.

Lion Clip
  Traditional clip for the Portuguese Water Dog where hair is clipped from the last rib backward, hindquarters, muzzle and tail (though leaving the hair untouched at the tip of the tail).

Loin
  The region of the body on either side of the vertebral column between the last ribs and the pelvis.

M

MILLER, Deyanne Farrell
  The first lady of the breed in America, was the first to import Portuguese Water Dogs from Portugal to the U.S. She passed away in July 1987. She supplied Kathryn Braund with a great deal of information for the book, The Complete Portuguese Water Dog, (Howell Book House, 1986).

Muzzle
  The head in front of the eyes; the forehead

N

Neuter
  Castrate or spay; a dog having been so treated.

Night Blindness
  See Progressive Retinal Atrophy

O

Occiput
  High part at the back of the skull; peak or apex.

Orthopedic Foundation of Animals - OFA
  (Portuguese Water Dog owners are urged to have two-year-old animals x-rayed by their veterinarian for OFA to detect any traces of Hip Dysplasia)

P

Pelvis
  Rigid group of bones which form the hips

Progressive Retinal Atrophy PRA
  Group of inherited degenerative eye diseases which vary in age of onset. Initially producing impairment of vision in bright light and progressing to impairment - though not always total blindness, in all conditions. (Mode of inheritance, unclear)

Prosternum
  Protrusive brisket

Q

Quarantine
  Period of isolation either to allow disease to develop for the purpose of treatment, or to prevent its transmission.

R

Recessive Gene
  Gene whose effect can be obscured by that of another.

Rump
  Upper part of the hindquarters.

S

Scapula
  Shoulder blade.

Selective Breeding
  Process, either natural or artificial by which a breeding population is produced.

Spay
  Surgically neuter a female.

Standard
  Detailed description of a breed's characteristics intended as a guide for breeders and judges.

Sternum
  Breast bone. (see Brisket)

Substance
  Good development in which the body is strongly built.

T

Topcoat
  The outer layer of hair which provides protection against the elements. If the dog has an undercoat the topcoat is invariably coarser the coarser of the two.

Topline
  Profile of the back from occiput to base of tail.

U

Undercoat
  Soft coat which lies below the coarse topcoat and provides insulation.

Undershot
  Of a bite in which the lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw.

V

W

Withers
  Highest part of the scapula, the point to which the height of a dog is traditionally measured.

X

Y

Z

BIBLIOGRAPHY

CLARK, Anne Rogers, BRACE, Andrew H..The International Encyclopedia of Dogs, London, B.T. Batsford, 1995.
CROWTHER, Jonathan (ed.).Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Oxford, OUP, 1992.
JACKSON, Frank. DICTIONARY OF CANINE TERMS. Ramsbury, The Crowood Press, 1995

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